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|Popular or Magazine Articles
||Scholarly or Journal Articles
|Intended for a general audience
||Intended for a professional audience
|Written by journalists or people with general knowledge of the subject
||Written by experts or people with specialized knowledge in the field
|Not reviewed by experts before publication
||Reviewed by experts before publication
|Do not include footnotes or a citations list
||Include footnotes and a citations list
Scholarly Journals, Academic Journals, and Peer-Reviewed Journals typically mean the same thing.
This tutorial will make you a champion at all of them.
They All Look Like Magazines!
Scholarly/Academic Journals are Peer - Reviewed
Life Cycle of Scientific Information
"Scientific information has a ‘life cycle’ of its own… it is born as an idea, and then
matures and becomes more available to the public. First it appears within the so-called
‘invisible college’ of experts in the field, discussed at conferences and symposia or
posted as pre-prints for comments and corrections. Then it appears in the published
literature (the primary literature), often as a journal article in a peer-reviewed journal.
Researchers can use the indexing and alerting services of the secondary literature to find
out what has been published in a field. Depending on how much information is added by
the indexer or abstracter, this may take a few months (though electronic publication has
sped up this process). Finally, the information may appear in more popular or reference
sources, sometimes called the tertiary literature."