MIDI is an acronym that stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface. It’s a way to connect devices that make and control sound — such as synthesizers, samplers, and computers — so that they can communicate with each other, using MIDI messages. This lets one keyboard trigger sounds on another synthesizer, and it makes it possible to record music in a form that allows for easy note editing, flexible orchestration, and song arrangement. Virtual instruments — computer programs that simulate hardware synthesizers and samplers — also communicate with computer sequencing software running on the same computer using MIDI messages.
Definition of MIDI from "Introduction to MIDI and Computer Music: The MIDI Standard" Copyright ©2013 John Gibson